Potential oil and gas reservoirs are located utilizing a satellite that is equipped to receive reflected solar energy from the earth. It then transmits signals indicative of the received reflected energy from the earth and records the received signals. We then filter the received signals which are represented and characterized by oil and gas absorption and the reflection of the solar energy. Each signal represents different types of minerals. Our process eliminates signals that are not associated with oil and gas. Once the area of hydrocarbons is located, we then assign the energy signals and display them in color coded map according to its intensity levels. The color coding scale is measured from dark blue to red. Red represents the highest energy and the highest possibility of accumulated hydrocarbons and dark blue represent extremely low possibility.
JBA also has aircraft-based sensors. These sensors allow a closer view of minerals and hydrocarbon deposits. When combined with space borne sensors this process provides a much more definitive view of the area. By using a hyperspectral instruments, we can readily differentiate between ancient hydrocarbon seeps and active hydrocarbon seeps. We also deploy our own airborne electromagnetic receiver which is calibrated for measuring subsurface oil and gas deposits.
Electromagnetic (EM) Techniques are used to monitor oil recovery processes and improve overall process performance. Just as seismic surveys generate acoustic waves to detect changes in sonic velocity and infer rock properties, EM surveys generate electromagnetic fields to detect changes in electrical resistivity, and then infer fluid properties. The potential impact of the EM survey is very significant primarily in the areas of locating oil, identifying oil inside and outside the pattern, characterizing flow units, and pseudo-real time process control to optimize process performance and efficiency. Since a map of resistivity is of no direct use to a reservoir engineer, an essential part of the EM technique is understanding the relationship between the process and the formation resistivity at all scales and then integrating this understanding into reservoir simulation.
Kutt radiometrics a method of measuring naturally occurring gamma radiation to characterize the rock or sediment with the use of a gama ray spectrometer. It is sometimes used in mineral exploration and water-well drilling. It is most commonly used for formation evaluation in oil and gas well drilling. Different types of rock emit different amounts and different spectra of natural gamma radiation. In particular, shale’s usually emit more gamma rays than other sedimentary rocks, such as sandstone, gypsum, salt, coal, dolomite, or limestone. This is because radioactive potassium is a common component in their clay content, and because the cation exchange capacity of clay causes them to adsorb uranium and thorium. This difference in radioactivity between shales and sandstones/carbonate rocks allows the gamma tool to distinguish between shale’s and non-shales.
Once available data has been gathered, JBA's algorithmic software analyzes the spectral data to assemble clear color-coded maps of the minerals and/or hydrocarbon deposits. This allows you to make informed decisions concerning the reserves of producing properties, future acquisitions, and where to explore for new wells.